Growth Vs Fixed Mindset
In a fixed mindset, people believe their qualities are fixed traits and therefore cannot change. These people document their intelligence and talents rather than working to develop and improve them. They also believe that talent alone leads to success, and effort is not required.
Alternatively, in a growth mindset, people have an underlying belief that their learning and intelligence can grow with time and experience. When people believe they can get smarter, they realize that their effort has an effect on their success, so they put in extra time, leading to higher achievement.
Carol Dweck, a researcher at Stanford University, introduced these ideas and wrote a book to describe each mindset in more detail.
According to Dweck, when a student has a fixed mindset, they believe that their basic abilities, intelligence, and talents are fixed traits. They
think that you are born with a certain amount and that’s all you have.
People with a fixed mindset is to always want to appear intelligent, because they believe that they were born with a fixed level of intelligence that cannot be modified. These people have a fear of looking dumb to people because they do not believe that they can redeem themselves once other people look at them as being unintelligent.
People with a growth mindset have an underlying belief that their learning and intelligence can grow with time and experience.
In a growth mindset, however, students believe their abilities and intelligence can be developed with effort, learning, and persistence. Their basic abilities are simply a starting point for their potential. They don’t believe everyone is the same, but they hold onto the idea that everyone can become smarter if they try.
But this is of course too black and white. One of the biggest social media myths about Mindsets is that there are only two: the Fixed Mindset and the Growth Mindset. The reality is that our Mindset lies somewhere along the Mindset Continuum.
This confusion has led to many misapplications of psychologist Carol Dweck?s work. While Dweck herself typically talks about Mindsets as being either Fixed or Growth, this juxtaposition is simply to help contrast the difference between the two extremes. Throughout her research, she recognises that we fall along a continuum.
When we see Mindsets as a dichotomy, we misjudge the subtlety and complexity of Dweck?s work. We may also misunderstand what we must do to change our Mindsets. Students can?t instantly ?have? a Growth Mindset. We can?t expect our teaching strategies to suddenly result in students taking on challenges, embracing effort and learning from their mistakes.
Rather, our goal is to help students become increasingly growth oriented. It is more realistic and helpful to expect that as students become more growth oriented, they will persist a bit longer. They will take on a bit more of a challenge, put in a little more effort, and respond more positively to mistakes. Their progress towards a Growth Mindset is gradual.
Furthermore, if we view Mindsets as a dichotomy, we run the significant risk of adopting a one-size-fits-all approach. Students at different stages along the continuum have different worldviews ? therefore, they require different teaching strategies. A student with a Fixed Mindset will respond and act differently to a student with a Low Growth Mindset, so we must adapt our teaching methods accordingly.
In other words, a Growth Mindset is not a declaration, it?s a journey ? one that involves small, progressive shifts in thinking, rather than huge leaps. Most people aren?t Fixed or Growth, but somewhere in between.
As Dweck says, ?Nobody has a Growth Mindset in everything all the time. Everyone is a mixture of Fixed and Growth Mindsets. You could have a predominant Growth Mindset in an area but there can still be things that trigger you into a Fixed Mindset trait.??How Praise Became a Consolation Prize?, The Atlantic, December 16, 2016.
If we are to help our students move along the continuum towards an increasingly growth-oriented Mindset, we must recognise that the journey will be a long one. That?s why I have developed the Mindset Continuum. This continuum helps us understand what it means to be somewhere between the two extremes of Fixed and Growth.
As our understanding of the nature of our abilities changes. we travel along the continuum We become increasingly aware of our capacity for growth. As a result, our responses to challenges, feedback, mistakes and effort slowly shift.
Take some time to study and reflect on the Mindset Continuum. Can you recognise these responses in your students? In yourself? Can you see how the Mindset Continuum more accurately reflects the Mindsets of your students and yourself than a Mindset dichotomy?
A Growth Mindset requires careful nurturing over time. It?s about taking small, targeted steps to ensure that gradual and effective progress along the continuum is made. Understanding the Mindset Continuum is the first step in developing a deeper understanding of Dweck?s work. Ultimately, it?s what will empower you to more effectively shift your students? Mindsets.
Where are you somewhere in between of these two mindsets?
Hope you are more aware of it in the future, so you can develop and achieve more quality of life.
Love, Health And Wisdom